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THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 

AT CHAPEL HILL 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 

PRESENTED BY 

North Caroliniana Society 



C906 
N87s 
no. 17 



FOR USE ONLY IN 
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 



http://archive.org/details/thirdofcenturyin17coch 



A Third of a Century i 
Senate Cloakrooms 



in 



<&&D 



William McWhorter Cochrane 



Together with Proceedings of a Banquet on the Occasion oj the Presentation 
of the North Caroliniatia Society Award for 1988 



NORTH CAROLINIANA SOCIETY IMPRINTS 
NUMBER 17 



This edition is limited to 

five hundred signed copies 

of which this is number 

499 



NORTH CAROLINIANA SOCIETY IMPRINTS 
H. G. Jones, General Editor 

No. 1. An Evening at Monticello: An Essay in Reflection (1978) 
by Edwin M. Gill 

No. 2. The Paul Green I Know (1978) 
by Elizabeth Lay Green 

No. 3. The Albert Coates I Know (1979) 
by Gladys Hall Coates 

No. 4. The Sam Ervin I Know (1980) 
by Jean Conyers Ervin 

No. 5. Sam Ragan (1981) 
by Neil Morgan 

No. 6. Thomas Wolfe of North Carolina (1982) 
edited by H. G. Jones 

No. 7. Gertrude Sprague Carraway (1982) 
by Sam Ragan 

No. 8. John Fries Blair (1983) 
by Margaret Blair McCuiston 

No. 9. William Clyde Friday and Ida Howell Friday (1984) 
by Georgia Carroll Kyser and William Brantley Aycock 

No. 10. William S. Powell, North Carolina Historian (1985) 
by David Stick and William C. Friday 

No. 11. "Gallantry Unsurpassed" (1985) 
edited by Archie K. Davis 

No. 12. Mary and Jim Semans, North Carolinians (1986) 
by W Kenneth Goodson 

No. 13. The High Water Mark (1986) 
edited by Archie K. Davis 

No. 14. Raleigh and Quinn (1987) 
edited by H. G. Jones 

No. 15. A Half Century in Coastal History (1987) 
by David Stick 

No. 16. Thomas Wolfe at Eighty-seven (1988) 
edited by H. G. Jones 

No. 17. A Third of a Century in Senate Cloakrooms (1988) 
by William McWhorter Cochrane 



A Third of a Century in 
Senate Cloakrooms 



<^£D 



William McWhorter Cochrane 



Together with Proceedings of a Banquet on the Occasion oj the Presentation 
of the North Caroliniana Society Award for 1988 



Chapel Hill 

North Caroliniana Society, Inc. 

and North Carolina Collection 

1988 



Copyright © 1988 by 

North Caroliniana Society, Inc. 

P. O. Box 121 

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514-0127 

All rights reserved 

Manufactured in the United States of America 



'- 







William McWhorter Cochrane, recipient of the North Caroliniana Society Award jor 
1988, stands at top beside an exhibit on his career. At bottom are Gladys Hall Coates, 
who introduced him for his address; Cochrane; and Archie K. Davis, president of the 
Society. (Photos by Charles Powell, North Carolina Collection.) 







Bill and Shirley Cochrane at top chat with James O. King oj Kentucky, his successor 
as director of the Senate Rules Committee, and Mrs. King; and at bottom they greet 
Marjorie and Sam Ragan of Southern Pines. (Photos by Charles Powell, North 
Carolina Collection.) 




At top the Cochranes greet Richard and Brenda Tie Wing and Mrs. Edward Tie; and 
at bottom are, left to right, niece Susan Austin Carney of Ohio, son Thomas M. Cochrane 
and his wife Suzanne, and son William Daniel Cochrane. (Photos by Charles Powell, 
North Carolina Collection.) 




Nieces Frances Austin Vaughn and Carolyn Price and great-nephew Justin Price are 
shown at top with George F. Jones (standing); and at bottom Cochrane is shown in 
his legendary office in the Russell Senate Office Building in Washington. (Top photo 
by Charles Powell; bottom photo by Jim Schlosser, Greensboro News and Record.) 





lillffl 



For twenty years Cochrane handled presidential inaugurations. At top left he strikes 
a familiar pose, and at right he is greeted by President Richard M. Nixon on inauguration 
day 1973. At bottom he stands directly behind Vice-President Walter Mondale asfimmy 
Carter is sworn in as president in 1911. (Photos courtesy Bill Cochrane.) 



C^£D 



AN AFTERNOON WITH WILLIAM McWHORTER COCHRANE 

As a prelude to 'An Evening with Bill Cochrane" the North Caroliniana Society 
invited William McWhorter Cochrane to give a public address in renovated Wibon 
Library on Friday, 3 June 1988. His subject, "A Third of a Century in Senate 
Cloakrooms," provided a review of his long period of service on Capitol Hill in 
Washington. His paper, preceded by an introduction by Gladys Hall Coates, is 
published herein. 



<^£X) 



Introduction of 
William McWhorter Cochrane 

Gladys Hall Coates 



Many years ago, when the Institute of Government was just getting started, 
my husband and I saw a movie called Kentucky. The story had to do with the 
choice and training of a colt who in time ran and won a great race. When 
the owner was asked how he happened to choose that particular colt, he replied, 
"He had the look of eagles in his eye." 

The story came to express what my husband was always looking for in 
selecting staff members for the Institute of Government. And that is the way 
Albert Coates has felt about Bill Cochrane from that day to this. 

Bill Cochrane was born in Newton, North Carolina, on 6 March 1917. 
He graduated from the Newton High School, which he completed in ten years, 
then journeyed to Chapel Hill with the twenty-nine dollars in his pocket he 
had saved while working in his father's store, and entered the University of 
North Carolina in September 1933. He was just sixteen years old. 

At first he lived with a cousin on a farm several miles from Chapel Hill, 
but after a few months he rented a room in town which enabled him to get 
to his classes on time as well as to find jobs to support himself. This was in 
the midst of the Depression, and after three years of struggle he decided to 
go back home and try to earn enough money to return to Chapel Hill and 
finish work on his degree. 

For nearly two years he managed to hold down three part-time jobs. One 
of the jobs was on a newspaper which he liked well enough to change his major 
from commerce to journalism. His decision brought him in touch with two 
of the most remarkable teachers in the University: Phillips Russell and O. J. 
Coffin, the latter known to his students as "Skipper," whose witty and charming 
wife, Gertrude, was a cousin of Bill's. Bill was blest with still another cousin 
in Chapel Hill — the legendary Louis Round Wilson, for whom the building 
we are now meeting in was named. 



[1] 



During those strenuous years, Bill's talents had not gone unnoticed by his 
peers. A citation from the Carolina Magazine in 1941 recognized a significant 
achievement: 

For the past three years the die-hard prophets of student government 
have predicted that some day a real leader would develop who would 
make the Student Legislature a predominant force on campus. With the 
conclusion of his term [as speaker — and he was the first speaker] Bill 
Cochrane has marked a new era in student self-government .... Today, 
there stands a Student Legislature that is not only comprised of men 
representing every phase of campus life, but men who have the complete 
authority to reflect and at the same time lead the student body in prog- 
ress. . . .Through his ability as an organizer and as a leader of men, Bill 
Cochrane this year stands as the chief cause of greater representation and 
activity in . . . [the] student body. 

He was inducted into the Order of the Golden Fleece in recognition of 
this achievement. 

Bill Cochrane earned the A.B. (1939) and the LL.B. (1941) degrees at this 
University and the Master of Laws degree (1954) at Yale. After graduation from 
law school he became a full-time member of the Institute of Government. He 
had served as a valiant part-time member while still in Law School. Indeed, 
he had helped to save the life of the Institute and keep it going during a critical 
period in the 1930s. 

A member of the United States Naval Reserve since July 1941, Bill entered 
on active duty in 1942, shortly after Pearl Harbor, as an apprentice seaman, 
rising to the rank of lieutenant and serving for three years as deck officer aboard 
a minesweeper in Atlantic and Mediterranean waters and in the American and 
European-African Theatres. He is the recipient of a star for the invasion of Southern 
France, as well as a victory medal. Currently he holds the rank of lieutenant 
commander in the Naval Ready Reserve. 

On his release from the Navy in 1945, he rejoined the Institute of Govern- 
ment where he served with distinction for nearly ten years (1945-54), first as 
assistant director and later as administrative director. He was also associate re- 
search professor in public law and government during these years. 

There was another event in Bill's life that took place in 1945, his marriage 
to the lovely and gifted Shirley Graves of Chapel Hill. 

In 1954, Bill Cochrane went to Washington to "spend a year"— helping 
former Governor and newly elected Senator W. Kerr Scott set up his office. 
He stayed as Scott's executive secretary and legislative counsel until the senator's 
death in 1957, when he was immediately invited by the newly appointed Sen- 
ator B. Everett Jordan to remain and serve as his administrative assistant and 

[2] 



legislative counsel. Bill was with Jordan for nearly fifteen years and stayed with 
him until the end of the senator's term, after his defeat in the 1972 primary. 
His superb record with Jordan while the senator was chairman of the powerful 
Senate Committee on Rules and Administration led to his appointment as staff 
director and majority counsel of that committee. 

In 1979, on the 25th anniversary of his service to the committee, Bill 
Cochrane was honored by a resolution signed by members of both parties prais- 
ing him for his "sustained quality of competence, loyalty, and compassion," his 
"great skill and faithfulness," and his "vast knowledge and experience" in his 
service not only to the two senators from North Carolina but to three different 
chairmen of the committee. 

In 1987 he was made senior advisor to the committee. 

Bill was the recipient of still another honor in 1979 — the 20th Roll Call 
Congressional Staff Award presented by his 1,200 fellow staff members for his 
"thorough devotion to the Senate, and in a larger sense the Congress, and whose 
myriad of contributions to the institution will be marked in that body for years 
to come." 

Bill Cochrane has never cast a vote in the Senate, but his imprint can be 
found on many major bills. His services are too numerous to recount here, but 
one should be of special interest to members of this Society. Some of his best 
work has been as senior staff member of the Joint Committee on the Library 
of Congress. He has overseen the most dramatic expansion of that Library in 
its 180-year-old history. Officials credit him with the idea of renaming its two 
older buildings in honor of Jefferson and Adams, and say that the new Madison 
Building stands more as a monument to Bill Cochrane's quiet influence than 
to our fourth president. 

Admired, respected, and trusted by both the Democratic and Republican 
parties of the Congress, he has been called on every four years for the past twenty 
to arrange the presidential inauguration ceremonies, each of which takes a full 
year of preparation. Both parties have requested him to serve and he has yet 
to refuse. 

Though he has lived and worked in Washington for nearly thirty-five 
years, he has never changed his legal residence from Chapel Hill. This place 
is still home to him. His devotion to the University has brought him back on 
frequent visits as a member of the Tar Heel One Hundred, the University's 
Board of Visitors, as well as attendance at many other University meetings and 
celebrations. 

His Alma Mater recognized his great services in 1978 by conferring on 
him the Distinguished Alumnus Award. He is now serving as president of the 
General Alumni Association of the University of North Carolina. And his latest 

[3] 



honor, the North Caroliniana Society's Award for outstanding contributions 
to North Carolina, proclaims again the appreciation and regard his friends and 
fellow citizens have for him. He has often been called the third senator from 
North Carolina! 

And so I present to you William McWhorter Cochrane, who is still run- 
ning, and winning, a great race, and who has never lost the look of eagles in 
his eye. 



<^s£D 



w 



A Third of a Century in 
Senate Cloakrooms 

William McWhorter Cochrane 



In the summer of 1953 State Senator Terry Sanford of Fayetteville dropped 
by for a late afternoon visit with Shirley and me at our home in the woods 
across Morgan Creek from Chapel Hill. He had just left the home of former 
Governor W. Kerr Scott, the "Squire of Haw River." Governor Scott, whose 
term in Raleigh had ended in January of that year, was planning to run for 
the United States Senate in the 1954 Democratic primary against Senator Alton 
A. Lennon of Wilmington, who had been appointed the previous year by Gov- 
ernor William B. Umstead upon the death of Senator Willis Smith of Raleigh. 

"If he runs, he wants me to serve as his campaign manager," Terry said, 
"and if he wins, I am sure I could go to Washington on his staff. But as you 
know," he added, "I am going to run for governor. I would like to see you 
go instead. What do you think?" 

Terry and I had been together as undergraduate roommates and as assistant 
directors of the Institute of Government while we were in law school at the 
University of North Carolina before World War II, working four hours a day, 
six days a week. We had returned to the Institute after completing our military 
duty, but Terry had left in 1948 to practice law in Fayetteville. 

My answer to his question was that I would go to Washington if Gover- 
nor Scott should ask me, but that I would not promise to stay longer than 
one year. 

As everyone knows, Albert Coates, now in his ninety-second year and pro- 
fessor emeritus of the University's law school, was the founder of the Institute 
of Government and was its longtime director. One of his fundamental rules 
was that Institute staff members could not participate in partisan politics — even 
if we were "Yellow Dog Democrats." So I was unable to take any active role 
in the campaign. There wouldn't have been much time for it anyway, because 
another one of the precepts laid down by the "Cap'n"— as Terry and I called 



[5] 



him— was: "We have to work morning, noon, and night, weekdays and Sun- 
days, and put every paling in the fence." 

Governor Scott won the primary on 29 May 1954, achieving a majority 
over Senator Lennon and five other Democratic opponents. That fall, on 2 
November, he defeated the Republican nominee, Paul West, for the full six-year 
term as well as for the remaining weeks of the term to which Senator (and 
former Governor) J. Melville Broughton had been elected in 1948. 

This meant that Senator Scott could take his seat as soon as the State Board 
of Elections certified him as the winner. It also meant he would have seniority 
over most other senators elected that fall, because he could be sworn in ahead 
of them — and seniority was vitally important in the Senate and the House of 
Representatives. 

During the campaign Scott had promised his supporters that when he won 
he would serve ham and eggs on the Capitol steps to the "Branchhead Boys," 
as he called them. He kept his promise. On 29 November, when the new sen- 
ator and his staff took the oath, a large crowd of Tar Heels gathered on the 
steps in front of the Capitol for a victory celebration. Campaign manager Terry 
Sanford was to have a similar victory celebration on the Capitol steps on 10 
December 1986, thirty-two years later, after he won election to the short and 
long terms over Senator James T Broyhill of Lenoir, whom Governor James 
G. Martin had appointed upon the death of Senator John P. East. 

A few days after he was sworn in Senator Scott cast his first important 
vote. The Senate was in special session when Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr., North 
Carolina's other new appointee that year, escorted his junior colleague down 
the aisle in the Senate chamber to take his formal oath. The vote was on the 
censure of Senator Joseph R. McCarthy of Wisconsin. Censure was approved 
by a big margin, with the support of both Ervin and Scott, effectively putting 
an end to the Wisconsin senator's ability to ruin reputations of public officials 
and others by baseless charges — ever since called "McCarthyism." 



<^s£D 



Senator Clyde R. Hoey of Shelby, the "silver-tongued orator," former gover- 
nor, and former member of the United States House of Representatives, had 
died at work in his office on 12 May 1954, and Governor Umstead appointed 
Senator Ervin to succeed him, to serve until the general election that fall. Senator 
Ervin was sworn in on 5 June and won the fall election to serve out Senator 
Hoey's unexpired term. 



[6] 



Ervin was an associate justice of North Carolina's Supreme Court prior to 
his appointment. Because of this experience he was chosen as a member of the 
bipartisan select committee — three Democrats and three Republicans, chaired 
by Republican Senator Arthur V. Watkins of Utah — to investigate the charges 
which led to McCarthy's censure. Senator Ervin was widely considered to be 
the "star" of this committee. He thus commenced his approximately twenty 
years of Senate service with a top role in one important investigation and ended 
it by becoming vitually a household word for integrity and eloquence as chair- 
man of the Select Committee to Investigate Presidential Campaign Activities, 
the so-called Watergate Committee, which led to the resignation of President 
Richard M. Nixon on 9 August 1974. 

About a year after the vote on Senator McCarthy, I ran into Senator Ervin 
on his way from his home in the Methodist Building across from the Capitol. 
He was taking a bundle of shirts to a nearby laundry. As we walked along 
I mentioned that in October of 1954, while driving from Raleigh to Chapel 
Hill, I heard him on my automobile radio speaking about his experience on 
the McCarthy committee and explaining his findings and position on the issues 
involved. I told him I was so proud of him, as a fellow Tar Heel, that I pulled 
off the road to hear his full speech. 

"Bill," he said, "while I was on the State Supreme Court I was so busy 
with my work that I had paid only scant attention to what Senator McCarthy 
was doing and saying. Truth to tell, if I had been asked my opinion of his anti- 
communist charges I would probably have been on his side. But when I became 
a member of the committee and dug into the actual record, I was utterly ap- 
palled at what he had done. It was crystal clear that he had to be stopped." 



(S^D 



Senator Scott and his staff moved into the three-room office in the Senate 
Office Building just vacated by Senator Lennon and his staff, only a few doors 
from Senator Ervin's office. Numerous news stories called the suite "jinxed," 
because Senator Scott was the fifth senator from North Carolina to occupy it 
in one six-year term. 

Here is how it came about: former Governor Broughton, who took office 
31 December 1948 after defeating appointed Senator William B. Umstead of 
Durham, died in March 1949, and Governor Kerr Scott appointed this Univer- 
sity's president, Dr. Frank Porter Graham. Senator Graham was defeated in the 
1950 Democratic primary by Willis Smith of Raleigh, former speaker of the 



U] 



North Carolina House of Representatives and former president of the Ameri- 
can Bar Association, who took office after the election in November of that 
year. Senator Smith died in June 1953, and Governor Umstead appointed Alton 
Lennon, as mentioned above, who took office in July and served until Senator 
Scott succeeded him in November 1954. 

Senate offices are chosen by strict seniority after each fall election and re- 
gardless of political party; so Senator Scott picked a different one for his full 
term and moved into it as soon as it became available, thus ending the "jinx" 
stories. Each senator had three rooms — one for himself and two for his staff— 
and there was only one Senate office building. Now known as the Russell Senate 
Office Building, it was named for the late Senator Richard Brevard Russell of 
Georgia in late 1972 under a resolution submitted by now Majority Leader 
Robert Carlyle Byrd and former Senator Marlow W. Cook of Kentucky, in 
a compromise which also named the new-in-1959 second Senate office building 
for Republican Leader Everett McKinley Dirksen of Illinois. This resolution 
was approved by the Senate Rules Committee in the last meeting presided over 
in 1972 by Senator B. Everett Jordan of Saxapahaw, North Carolina, who had 
succeeded Senator Scott fourteen years before. 



<^*£D 



During the remainder of December 1954, Senator Scott and his gentle but 
spunky wife, Miss Mary, and his staff, most of whom had served with him 
in Raleigh, began to learn their way around Capitol Hill. In due course the 
senator received his committee assignments: agriculture and forestry, of course; 
public works; and post office and civil service. He became chairman of the 
tobacco subcommittee just when the first strong public rumblings were heard 
against tobacco smoking. Scott was always a special champion of the family 
farm — and North Carolina had more farmers than any other state in the union. 
At that time, in fact, two-thirds of North Carolina's population lived outside 
the corporate limits of any of our approximately eight hundred municipalities, 
many of them riding to work in town on what old-timers still refer to as "Scott 
roads," the thousands of miles of "farm-to-market" roads paved under the pro- 
gram Governor Scott had sponsored. 

Equally important to the new Senator was his life-long interest in water 
resources development and flood control. In January 1955 he put me to work 
on several projects, including the long-dormant proposal for the New Hope 
dam and lake near Chapel Hill and the Falls of the Neuse dam and lake near 



[8] 



Raleigh. It took many years for these two projects to become the important 
realities they are today, for they naturally aroused a lot of opposition. For example, 
it took twenty-seven years and five months after January 1955 to open and dedicate 
the New Hope project, at which I had the honor of making the first speech. 
I think most people agree today that it is a blue jewel of a lake, a wonderful 
recreation asset, and in the near future, a much-needed source of water for munici- 
palities in the area. It also provides flood-control protection for the populous 
Cape Fear River valley area. 

Other projects reactivated and pushed by Scott included the Randleman 
and Howards Mill dam proposals, not yet accomplished, and, in cooperation 
with the late Congressman Charles B. Deane of Rockingham, the Wilkesboro 
Reservoir on the Yadkin River. The latter was completed and dedicated a few 
years later, and today is another blue jewel of a lake. 

None of these federal projects would likely have been brought to construc- 
tion if Senator B. Everett Jordan, who was appointed and then elected after 
Senator Scott's death in April 1958, had not given them his energetic support 
during his nearly fifteen years in the chamber. Most appropriately, I think, 
Senator Jordan introduced legislation that named the Wilkesboro project the 
" W. Kerr Scott Dam and Reservoir." After Jordan had left the Senate on 2 Janu- 
ary 1973, following his defeat in the 1972 Democratic primary, Senator Jennings 
Randolph, chairman of the Public Works Committee, supported by Senator 
Ervin, sponsored the bill which named the one at New Hope the "B. Everett 
Jordan Dam and Reservoir." Senator Jordan was present at the ground-breaking 
ceremony and subsequently told me that he must be the only senator with a 
mudhole named after him. I wish he could see it now! 



<S*£D 



In May 1954 the United States Supreme Court handed down its unanimous 
decision in the case of Brown v. Board of Education, decreeing an end to segregation 
in the public schools of this nation. The court ruled that separate educational 
facilities are inherently unequal. A year later a second court opinion called on 
local authorities to end "separate but equal" facilities and integrate the public 
schools for all races "with all deliberate speed." 

Thus North Carolina's two new senators, along with senators and repre- 
sentatives from the other southern states, began their Washington careers in 
the midst of this difficult and divisive issue. Virginia leaders announced their 
support of "massive resistance" to the court's orders and were joined by leaders 



[9] 



of South Carolina, Georgia, and other southern states in a meeting in Rich- 
mond to plan their strategy. Nineteen southern senators (including Ervin and 
Scott) and 101 southern congressmen (including all of North Carolina's members 
except Harold D. Cooley, Charles B. Deane, and Richard Thurmond Chatham) 
signed the so-called "Southern Manifesto" or "A Declaration of Constitutional 
Principles." It was read to the Senate on the morning of 12 March 1956 by 
the president pro tempore, Walter F. George of Georgia, who was considered 
one of the greatest orators the Senate ever had. The "Manifesto" expressed oppo- 
sition to the desegregation decision, calling it "a clear abuse of judicial power," 
and pledged its signers to use "all lawful means" to bring about a reversal of 
the decision. 

In the 1956 North Carolina Democratic primary, which occurred some 
weeks later, Congressmen Chatham and Deane, who had refused to sign the 
"Manifesto," were defeated for renomination. Congressman Cooley, who had 
also refused to sign it, was renominated and reelected in the general election 
that fall. However, Cooley made it clear in his campaign that he did not like 
the Supreme Court's decision, and his opponent in the primary, states' rights 
champion W. E. Debnam, gave him a very rough time. 

Senator Scott gave me a phone call on the morning Senator George was 
to read the "Manifesto," which Senator Scott had signed only reluctantly. It 
was still worrying him. He asked me to find out whether he could have his 
name deleted from it by the time he would reach his office. (It was his custom 
to walk to the Senate each day from his Westchester apartment, a distance of 
five or six miles.) I had to tell him that it was too late, because the document 
had been given to the press in advance, as was and is the custom, and would 
be released as soon as Senator George finished reading it to the Senate. 



<&*£D 



Senators Scott, Jordan, and Ervin, unlike most southerners, supported and 
voted for every bill that came up during their terms to provide federal aid to 
education at all levels— with due regard for the line of separation between church 
and state. As we all know, education has been of paramount importance in 
North Carolina since its earliest days as a state when, under the leadership of 
General William Richardson Davie, our ancestors established the first state uni- 
versity to open its doors, here in Chapel Hill, almost two centuries ago. 

As it turned out, under the leadership of Governor Luther Hartwell Hodges 
and Thomas Jenkins Pearsall of Rocky Mount, the latter author of the "Pearsall 



[10] 



Plan," North Carolina charted a much more moderate course of action in deal- 
ing with the integration issue than was the case in most of the other southern 
states. 



(£*£D 



Everett Jordan took his oath as North Carolina's junior Senator on 5 May 
1958, after being escorted down the aisle by Senator Ervin. He had been ap- 
pointed by Governor Hodges following Senator Scott's death. It is worthy of 
note that Senators Ervin and Jordan are the only two appointed senators in 
North Carolina history— since 1913 when direct election of senators by the citi- 
zens replaced election by legislatures — to win subsequent election to complete 
the terms of their predecessors. Senators Cameron Morrison, Umstead, Graham, 
Lennon, and Broyhill, all appointed by governors to succeed senators who had 
died, were defeated in the following elections. Perhaps this independent spirit 
shown in so many ways by the people of our state ties in with the fact that, 
since the days of the royal governors, the legislature has always been supreme, 
our governor being the only one in the union who has no power to veto acts 
of the legislature. 

When Jordan took his place in the Senate, he not only occupied Scott's 
old office but was given the same committee appointments. Not long after- 
ward, however, he was also appointed to the Senate Committee on Rules and 
Administration. By 1963 he had become chairman of the Rules Committee, 
which meant that he also alternated with the chairman of the House Commit- 
tee on Administration as chairman and vice chairman of the Joint Committee 
on the Library of Congress and the Joint Committee on Printing. He served 
as rules chairman for ten years — longer than any other chairman in the com- 
mittee's history. 

In a very short while after he took office, Senator Jordan faced his first 
important vote. As the newest of the ninety-six senators he spent a good part 
of the summer of 1958 taking his turn as presiding officer of the Senate, where 
the principal question was whether Alaska should be admitted as the forty-ninth 
state. This meant that he had listened to more of the debate than most others, 
and despite the fact that admission would probably provide two more votes 
against the southerners on civil rights issues, Jordan was one of the very few 
southern senators to support admission. The next year Senator Ervin joined 
him in voting to admit Hawaii, bringing the total number of states to its pres- 
ent fiftv. 



[11] 



During his period of service, Senator Jordan was elected three times as 
chairman of the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies — a 
post of great ceremonial importance during the year before and just after each 
quadrennial presidential inauguration. In 1963 and 1964, as chairman of the 
Rules Committee, he conducted the hearings popularly known as the "Bobby 
Baker" investigation, during which he appointed as the committee's chief counsel 
the distinguished Greensboro lawyer, Major L. P. McLendon. 

When the cornerstone of what was to be the third Library of Congress 
building was laid with great ceremony in the first few weeks of 1974, the 
librarian — another North Carolinian and a graduate of Duke University, Dr. 
L. Quincy Mumford — paid his highest tribute to Senator Jordan, saying that 
but for the Senator's support over the years, construction of the Library of 
Congress's James Madison Memorial Building would not then be underway. 
Senator Jordan was in his last illness when this occurred, but happily we were 
able to tell him about it before his death a couple of weeks later. 

Senator Jordan was defeated in the 1972 Democratic primaries by Congress- 
man Nick Galifianakis of Durham, who was in turn defeated in the fall general 
election by conservative Republican Jesse Helms of Raleigh, earlier a member 
of the Raleigh city council who over the years had won fame, especially in eastern 
North Carolina, as a commentator and editorialist over television station WRAL 
in Raleigh. He had been a Democrat until he changed parties several years before 
the 1972 elections. 



<^^£) 



South Carolina Senator Strom Thurmond's vote as a Democrat in organizing 
the Senate in January of 1955, along with that of former Republican Senator 
Wayne Morse of Oregon, provided the 49-47 Democratic victory that made 
Senator Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas the majority leader that year. Senator 
Thurmond remained a Democrat until the 1964 presidential election, when he 
switched to support Senator Barry Goldwater's campaign for the presidency. 

As states in the once-solid Democratic South began electing Republicans, 
such as Congressmen Charles Raper Jonas, Wilmer D. Mizell, Earl B. Ruth, 
James T. Broyhill, and James G. Martin — the latter now North Carolina's gov- 
ernor—and Republicans such as Senators Jesse Helms and John P. East, formerly 
rock-ribbed Republican states like Maine and Vermont began electing Democratic 
senators, congressmen, and governors, such as Governor and Senator Edmund 
S. Muskie and Senators George J. Mitchell of Maine and Patrick J. Leahy of 



[12] 



Vermont. There have been similar changes in the north, south, east, and west, 
many of them depending on whether there was a presidential election with 
good or bad coattails in the same year. In some cases there have been party 
switches by sitting congressmen and senators — in addition to the two mentioned 
earlier, Senator Morse switched from Republican to Independent to Democrat, 
and Senator Thurmond from Democrat to Republican. Democratic Senator 
Floyd Haskell had been a leading Republican in New Jersey and Colorado before 
winning election to the Senate as a Democrat. Republican Congressman Donald 
W. Riegle, Jr., changed to the Democratic Party while still a member of the 
House, was reelected, and subsequently won election to the Senate as a Demo- 
crat, where he still serves. And there are other examples around the country. 
It is clear that party loyalty has waxed and waned over the years. 

There is good argument to support the wisdom of party loyalty, however. 
It is that in our system, in the Congress, the legislative process is closely tied 
up with the majority and minority political parties, of which there have been 
only two major ones since before the Civil War. If there were more than two 
political parties in the Congress — if, say, there were three or more — it would 
become very difficult ever to get a consensus to work out reasonable and effective 
compromises in adopting legislation — i.e., to get a majority together to pass 
bills into law. 

It would be very difficult to keep the all-important two-party system if 
we did not have a loyal corps of members in each party, willing to fight it 
out in the primaries and the conventions, and then to unite in support of their 
party tickets in the fall elections. If we had three or more parties operating in 
this country we would often have the kind of chaos so familiar in many coun- 
ties of the free world. And of course we would not want the one-party system 
found in so many dictatorships! 

Nor would we find it good to have all the conservatives in one party and 
all the liberals in the other, because there again it would be hard to find a con- 
sensus within each party, based on reasonable compromise, so as to make pos- 
sible the kind of give-and-take that leads to good legislation. As it is, in both 
the Republican and Democratic parties, in Congress and elsewhere, as in the 
state and local governments, we find the whole spectrum from very liberal to 
very conservative. 



<^£D 



[13] 



Sixty years ago, in 1928, Herbert Hoover, who in World War I had been 
a prominent Democrat from Iowa, then had served as Republican Secretary of 
Commerce under Presidents Harding and Coolidge, won the Republican nomina- 
tion for president and defeated Catholic New York Governor Alfred E. Smith. 
Democratic Senator Furnifold M. Simmons of New Bern, who served as our 
Senator for thirty years and was president pro tempore of the Senate, led the 
fight against Smith because the New Yorker was a Catholic and favored repeal 
of the prohibition amendment to the Constitution. The state went along with 
Simmons, but in the elections of 1930, he was punished by the voters, who 
nominated Josiah W. Bailey of Raleigh, editor of the Baptist Biblical Recorder, 
and then elected him in the fall. 

In the 1950s, one of the important arguments against Illinois Governor 
Adlai E. Stevenson, Jr., was that he was divorced. By 1980 that was not at 
all a handicap to the election of Governor Ronald Wilson Reagan of California 
as President. And in 1960 the fact that Senator John Fitzgerald Kennedy was 
a Catholic did not keep North Carolina and the nation from electing him Presi- 
dent. Of course, the fact that Senator Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, a southerner, 
was his vice-presidential running mate obviously helped pull Kennedy through 
in North Carolina. But the point is that people no longer automatically see 
one's being a Catholic or a divorced person as a sure-fire reason that he— or 
eventually she— cannot win an election. So the time may well come— it may— 
when one's sex and one's color or race will not determine one's chances to lead 
this country. Of course, we still have plenty of prejudices — all of us do — and 
the millennium may be a while in coming, human nature being what it is. 

Senators, like other human beings, can change their minds. Majority Leader 
Lyndon B. Johnson, southerner though he was, is generally and fairly credited 
with putting through effective civil rights legislation at several points in his 
careers as senator, majority leader, vice-president, and president. And long-time 
civil rights legislation opponent and Minority Leader Everett McKinley Dirksen 
of Illinois, with his famous remark that civil rights "is an idea whose time has 
come," helped make passage possible. 



<^££) 



[14] 



In 1970 Senator Jordan, who had consistently supported several adminis- 
trations in their prosecution of the war in Vietnam, was deeply worried over 
the way the issue had split our country wide open because of its terrible cost 
in lives and resources. As a result, he cast his vote in the spring of 1970 for 
the Cooper-Church amendment, which would have begun the end of our in- 
volvement. It came after the bombing of Cambodia. Senator Mark Hatfield 
of Oregon, a leading Republican then and now, expressed exultation and grati- 
tude for Senator Jordan's support, saying that it would in due course help bring 
other southerners along. Senator Jordan told me that Senator Ervin's question 
just after the vote was, "Everett, have you lost your mind?" Senator Jordan 
did catch a lot of political hell for that vote — in person, over the telephone, 
and in bushels of mail — but there were also many on the other side of the issue. 
A short time later, when he walked into the State Democratic Convention 
gathering in Raleigh where about 1,800 Democrats were in attendance, he got 
a long, standing ovation, to which he responded with Winston Churchill's 
V-for-victory sign. Later the delegates voted two-to-one, as I recall it, in favor 
of the Cooper-Church amendment. 

Senators Jordan and Ervin always remained good friends, despite their dif- 
ferences on some issues. Like the Ervins and the Scotts, Senator Jordan and his 
genial and personable wife Katherine McLean Jordan were members of unusually 
distinguished, successful, achievement-oriented, and closely united North Caro- 
lina families. Senator Jordan and Senator Scott's wife, Miss Mary, were first 
cousins. Senator Jordan and Senator Ervin had known each other from their 
boyhood days. Jordan's father, who had once been a lawyer in eastern North 
Carolina, later became a minister in the Methodist Church. This meant that 
his son Everett, along with the rest of the family, acquired a number of "home 
towns" in various parts of North Carolina, usually four years spent at each one. 
One was Morganton, and that is where the two future senators first knew each 
other. Jordan was born on 8 September 1896, Ervin only nineteen days later. 

Another close friend of Senator Ervin through the years was law school 
professor emeritus and Institute of Government founder Albert Coates, who 
was in school at the University here and at Harvard Law School with Sam Ervin. 
Coates was also born in 1896, on 25 August. He was and is my close friend 
and mentor, in my own law school days, during my years with him at the In- 
stitute of Government, and ever since I left the Institute in 1954. I can say 
without reservation that next to my father and mother I learned more from 
Albert Coates, and he had a greater influence on me, than any other person 
I ever knew. To so many of us who know him, he personifies the very best 
meaning of the word "mentor." Whenever he and his wife Glady Hall Coates, 
his cofounder of the Institute, came to Washington, thev invariably came by 

[15] 



for a visit, and Senator Jordan became well acquainted with both of them. One 
day Professor Coates came alone, waited in my office to say hello to the Sen- 
ator, who was on the Senate floor, and finally had to leave without seeing him. 
When Senator Jordan walked in a few minutes later, I told him Mr. Coates 
had had to leave, after waiting to see him. "I sure am sorry I missed him," 
said Senator Jordan; "I have become very fond of the old gentleman"— an old 
gentleman who was two weeks older than the Senator! 



<^££) 



The only Senator now in the Senate who was a member when Senator Scott 
and his staff took their oaths in November 1954 is president pro tempore John 
Cornelius Stennis of Mississippi, who took his oath on the 5th of November 
in 1947 — almost forty-two years ago. Senator Stennis, who was a close friend, 
attended Senator Scott's funeral with us in 1958. Later, when Mississippi State 
University in 1973 established the John C. Stennis Institute of Government and 
chair in political science in his honor, he spent much time studying Professor 
Coates's well-known book, The Story of the Institute of Government, and modeled 
the Mississippi institute as closely as possible on the one at Chapel Hill. 

Senator Scott had long been interested in North Carolina's Indian tribes, 
and early in his career he sponsored and put through the Senate a bill which 
granted their request that the name of the ancient tribe which for generations 
had lived along the Lumber River in the Robeson County area be changed 
from "Croatan" to "Lumbee" Indians, the name they bear today. He came to 
know them well and met with them many times. Congressman Frank Ertel 
Carlyle of Lumberton successfully sponsored the bill in the House of Represen- 
tatives and it was signed into law. 



CS^D 



Since January of 1959 North Carolina has had another native son who 
has become one of the most knowledgeable and effective Senate leaders — Senator 
Robert Carlyle Byrd of West Virginia— who was born in North Wilkesboro 
and grew up in West Virginia, his family having left North Carolina when 
he was an infant. Over the years he worked very closely with Senators Jordan 
and Ervin, as he now does with Senator Sanford. He announced this year he 
is giving up his role as majority leader at the end of 1988, and in January, if 



[16] 



the Democrats hold their majority, as the most senior of all senators, he will 
then become president pro tempore of the Senate. He will also be chairman 
of the Senate Appropriations Committee. 



<^££) 



The people I have come to know during my nearly thirty-four years of 
life and work in Washington — senators, congressmen, their staffs and committee 
staff and the many support staff all over the Capitol from the basements to 
the attics, as well as both the career and political officers and employees of the 
federal government — almost all have consistently impressed me as able, person- 
able, and hardworking folk fully dedicated to their work and to good service 
to the American people. There will always be a few bad apples in any barrel, 
as the trite old saying goes. Nearly all the good ones are certainly not working 
for the love of money, and most of them get very little recognition. Instead — 
almost since the beginning of our republic — they get a great deal of criticism 
as a class: Bureaucrats! Politicians! Lazy Government Employees! We are lucky 
that most of them can take it. 

Over the years during which I have worked with people in the Senate I 
have found that all you need when you are dealing with the people here — or 
with human beings and human nature anywhere — are these things: common 
courtesy, common decency, common sense, and a sense of humor. 

You may have noted that most of my remarks have concerned experiences 
with senators with whom I have worked most closely since 1954. I have not 
meant to slight other North Carolina senators and congressmen, most of whom 
I have known both well and favorably, Republicans as well as Democrats. I 
have had a warm personal relationship with Senator Robert Morgan since his 
days as North Carolina's Attorney General and share membership with him now 
on the Board of Directors of the U.S. Capitol Historical Society. Naturally, 
most of my comments have involved Democratic senators, because my work 
has been largely on that side of the aisle. But it is traditional on Capitol Hill 
for warm friendships to reach across party lines, in the Senate and the House, 
with members and with staff, regardless of political views or party affiliation. 
I have always had friendly relations with Republican Senators Helms (and with 
his able administrative assistant Clint Fuller), East, and Broyhill, and their staff 
members. I think it is fair to say that nearly always members and their staffs 
try to put the interests (as they see them) of country first, home-state next, 
and party last. One hopes to be known for telling the truth, first, and being 
fair in all matters. 



[17] 



I went to Washington with Senator Scott in 1954, promising to stay only 
a year. Now, after a third of a century, I feel as much at home on Capitol Hill 
as I do in Chapel Hill. Now, while my heart tells me to retire to our woods 
near Chapel Hill, my mind tells me I still have work to do on Capitol Hill. 
I am torn between these two great "Hills." For the moment, it simply would 
be too much of a job to try to clean out my office in the Russell Senate Office 
Building. That's enough excuse to keep me on Capitol Hill for a little longer. 
Besides, there are a couple of palings that still need to be nailed to a fence! 



<Ss*£D 



When I was studying journalism here at the University, Oscar Jackson 
Coffin of Ramseur, a great old newspaperman, head of the journalism depart- 
ment, known to all as "Skipper" Coffin, always launched a new entering class 
with a series of homilies. He would conclude with this one, and I think it 
was the best advice I ever got from anyone, and particularly useful during my 
years working in the Senate: "Above all, I believe in the Ten Commandments, 
all ten of them, and I expect you to believe in them — especially that first one: 
Do not take thyself too damn seriously!" 



<^£D 



[18] 



<^£D 



AN EVENING WITH BILL COCHRANE 

On the evening of Friday, 3 June 1988, in the Carolina Inn, Chapel Hill, 
friends attended a reception and banquet honoring William McWhorter Cochrane— 
known by tens of thousands as Bill Cochrane — on the occasion of his acceptance 
of the North Caroliniana Society Award for 1988. The award recognized Coch- 
rane for his contributions to good government and to the promotion of the state's 
history and culture. The master of ceremonies was H. G. Jones, curator of the 
North Carolina Collection and secretary-treasurer of the North Caroliniana Soci- 
ety, and the award was presented by Archie K. Davis, president of the Society. 
Speakers were Henry W. Lewis and William C. Friday, long-time friends of 
the honoree. Their remarks, along with the response of the recipient, are published 
in this seventeenth number of the North Caroliniana Society Imprints series. 



<^£D 



[19J 



The Master of Ceremonies 

H. G. Jones 



This Democratic convention is now in session. Will the delegates come 
to order— if that is not a contradiction in terms. 

Our first business is the resolution of the Third Senator from North Carolina 
— all in favor say aye, all opposed no, the ayes have it— which reads: "All Yellow 
Dog Democrats are admonished to exercise, on just this one occasion, unac- 
customed civility toward Jeffersonians who sometimes cross party lines, and— out 
of respect for the nature of this occasion — are even urged to extend to all present, 
regardless of party, the Left Wing of Fellowship." 

We are here tonight for a nonpartisan salute to Bill Cochrane, who always 
puts his country and his state above party, except — in the eyes of some— on 
election days. Bill has never been known to ask about one's politics until after 
he has put him or her in his debt. The use of the term "debt" shows just how 
bipartisan we are tonight, for the Democrats invented it and the Republicans 
have adopted it as national policy. 

Bill, all political complexions are represented tonight, but you must be 
particularly warmed to see so many Democrats. As the man in charge of presiden- 
tial inaugurations for the past couple of decades, you certainly haven't seen them 
in Washington on those occasions in a 1-o-o-ng time! 

Two hundred fifty people have come out on a June night despite other 
schedule conflicts and some from long distances. As North Carolina's "Man 
in Washington," you are placed in an unusual predicament, for instead of hound- 
ing you for favors, most of them are here to say "thank you" for your long 
service to our state, particularly for your third of a century as our eyes, ears, 
occasionally our mouth, and all the time as our conscience in the nation's capi- 
tal. That's a long time; still, it is only an inch on the national time chart in 
comparison with the wood in this gavel, which was a part of the 1814 White 
House until removed by President Harry Truman during its rebuilding in 1950. 
We historians like to keep things in perspective! And to keep our politicians 
humble. 



[20] 



Many others who could not come to Chapel Hill have sent messages, and 
some of those that are not libelous may be printed, along with the entire pro- 
ceedings of both the afternoon and evening activities, in Number 17 of the 
North Caroliniana Society Imprints series, a copy of which will be mailed in the 
fall to our members and those in attendance tonight. 

Now, before eating, may I simply identify those at the head table. Will each 
stand as his or her name is called and remain standing, and will the audience 
withhold both applause and hisses until all have been presented: 

The vice-president of the North Caroliniana Society and himself the eighth 

recipient of the North Caroliniana Society Award, Professor William 

S. Powell, and his collaborator, Virginia; 
The joint ninth recipients of the Award, former President William and 

Ida Friday; 
A friend and longtime associate of Bill Cochrane in the Institute of 

Government, Professor Henry W. Lewis; 
The president of the North Caroliniana Society, Archie K. Davis; 
And now will you join in welcoming on what by coincidence is their 

43rd wedding anniversary, Shirley and Bill Cochrane. 

There are Cochrane kinfolk all over the room; in fact, this is something 
of a family reunion, but let's welcome at least Shirley and Bill's sons, Thomas, 
of Chapel Hill, and his wife Suzanne, and Daniel, of Los Angeles. 

We are now ready for dinner. About the menu: Bill said out-of-office Demo- 
crats could afford only two dishes at the Carolina Inn, and since I would be 
blamed for symbolism if we had chosen turkey, the choice was made for us. 

We will be back after dessert. 

[Dinner followed.] 



William McWhorter Cochrane will be the eleventh recipient of the North 
Caroliniana Society Award. The previous recipients, beginning with Paul Green 
in 1978, are listed on the back of your program. The difference between them 
and Bill Cochrane is that they earned theirs. You see, when we began discussing 
Bill as a possible nominee, we found that credit for everything that he ever 
accomplished had already been claimed by someone else. 



[21] 



But the North Caroliniana Society seeks service, not publicity, and we rec- 
ognize doers rather than talkers. Bill Cochrane has a history of "doing" and 
letting others take the credit. Thus we recognize him as the ultimate public 
servant. The habit of claiming credit for what Bill has done is not new. Let 
me give just one early example. It has now been forty years since a fabulous 
wood carving, "The Circus Parade," was unveiled in the old Monogram Club 
on this campus. A generation of students and faculty admired the lifelike wood 
version of William Meade Prince's drawing before it was moved and reassembled 
in the entrance to the Carolina Inn cafeteria only a few feet from where we 
sit. Suddenly the name of its carver, Carl Boettcher, became famous. University 
officials fell over themselves, each boasting that he was responsible for bringing 
the heavily accented German to Chapel Hill. Well, do a little research. You 
will find out whose family took in the struggling refugee and his wife up in 
Newton in Catawba County. And you will learn the name of the twenty-four- 
year-old law graduate from Newton who, the very day before he went off to 
war with the Navy in 1941, finally persuaded his older immigrant friend to 
take a job with the University's building and grounds department in Chapel Hill. 

The North Caroliniana Society is particularly sensitive to those who contrib- 
ute to an understanding of the history and culture of our state and nation. Others 
will mention some of Bill's work along those lines, but let me remind all of 
us that Bill was one of the most fervent supporters of former Republican Con- 
gressman Fred Schwengel in organizing the United States Capital Historical 
Society, which has developed into one of the nation's most prestigious historical 
associations. One of its books, We the People, has — if we don't count the Bible— 
sold more copies than any history book in the world. Bill, you will be pleased 
to know that Congressman Schwengel has made a contribution to the North 
Caroliniana Society in your honor. Others have done likewise. 

On a personal note, though he may not admit it, Bill was instrumental 
in the invitation that gave me the singular honor of addressing a distinguished 
audience on the bicentennial of the Treaty of Paris from the same spot and under 
the same great wooden eagle in the Old Senate Chamber where the voices of 
Webster, Clay, and Calhoun once rang out. How many other simple citizens 
has Bill Cochrane introduced to the solemnity and the majesty of the hallowed 
National Capitol, whether in obtaining a hearing on a public issue, in cutting 
through the stifling bureaucracy, or in having lunch in the Senate Dining Room 
among faces familiar on the evening news? 

If North Carolinians call Bill Cochrane our "Third Senator," one American 
has called him the nation's "101st Senator." Another, Bill's old law professor 
at Yale, Myres S. McDougal, writes, "I know of no person who has made more 



[22] 



dedicated, or more effective, contribution to the common interest during the 
past half century." 



<£^X) 



It would have been appropriate if we had given Bill's political associates 
an opportunity to return some of the credit taken from him, but instead we 
chose to let homefolks talk about the Bill Cochrane who, in all of his years 
in Washington, never forgot that his constituency was the people of his native 
state. Most of you had the good fortune this afternoon to hear Gladys Coates 
introduce Bill, and you heard his paper on his experiences in our behalf. Tonight 
two longtime associates will share their observations. 

There are parallels between Bill Cochrane and Henry W. Lewis. Both are 
native Tar Heels; both were graduated from this University; both went off to 
the Ivy League for graduate work in law— Bill to Yale and Henry to Harvard; 
both entered the war at the bottom rung and emerged as officers; and both 
caught the eagle eye of Albert Coates, the founder of the Institute of Government, 
where they were colleagues from 1946 until Bill went to Washington. Henry 
remained at the Institute— except for a brief stint as vice-president of the University 
during the chaotic times of 1968-69 — and served as its director from 1973, all 
the while teaching public law and government. His academic specialties are 
eclectic, as his publications indicate: from property taxes to art; from the ABC 
system to religion; from county government to horses; from Texas landholding 
to the Dromgoole mystery. He officially retired in 1978, but his research goes 
on, and his publications emerge regularly. Our first speaker is the holder of 
the Distinguished Service Award of the North Carolina League of Municipalities, 
Professor Emeritus Henry W. Lewis. 

How many times have you heard a presenter say that a speaker needs no 
introduction, then proceed to give one? Well, not tonight. Our second speaker 
is a friend of Bill Cochrane, indeed a friend of all North Carolinians, William 
C. Friday, president emeritus of the University of North Carolina and now 
president of the William R. Kenan, Jr., Fund. 

First, Professor Lewis, then President Friday. 



[23] 



A Nine-Year Moment 

Henry W. Lewis 



William McWhorter Cochrane: You will find the vital statistics in a num- 
ber of reference books; for the moment I will simply say that though we were 
not boys together— he in Newton and I in Jackson— we were boys about the 
same time. Our connection with Chapel Hill began in that hot autumn of 
1933, and last year— half a century later— our class celebrated its golden anniver- 
sary. It was at that time that Bill became president of this University's Alumni 
Association. 

I want, however, to emphasize a nine-year moment in time that Bill and 
I shared in a special way. Early in 1946 I returned to Chapel Hill to join the 
staff of the Institute of Government headed by Albert Coates, a man already 
honored by this Society. The staff boasted six others: Peyton Abbott, Louis 
Cherry, Clifford Pace, Terry Sanford, John Fries Blair (another man this Society 
has honored), and William McWhorter Cochrane. I became the seventh member 
of the crew. 

A few years earlier, while still in law school, Terry and Bill had begun 
Institute tenures that were interrupted by service in World War II. Both had 
distinguished careers in the armed forces, and both had returned to take up their 
Institute posts late in 1945. Reflecting his naval experience, Bill always called 
Mr. Coates "Capt'n." 

The Institute of Government was housed in the modest Georgian building 
on Franklin Street that was its first home of its own. Jack Atwater, perhaps 
the one indispensable person there other than the director, functioned as our 
one-man service staff. There were two secretaries (Edna Clark and Nelle Mark- 
ham) and one telephone line with two instruments. Pervading the place was 
an intense loyalty, a firm belief in the institution itself— a University-based 
agency committed to the importance and academic worth of research, teaching, 
writing, and consulting with and for state and local government officials, always 
within the defined laboratory of North Carolina. The Institute was an integral 



[24] 



element in the twentieth century movement to make the boundaries of Caro- 
lina's campus conterminous with the boundaries of the state. 

Under Mr. Coates' leadership we were determined to grow, to meet the 
needs we saw, to work like dogs, to win the respect of our clientele, and also 
to solidify a place for the Institute within the University where we were a 
largely unknown and unrecognized species. This was the moment when our 
informal staff began the transition to formal faculty status. Bill Cochrane person- 
ified the dedication and determination which characterized that staff. Nor did 
he forget the community in which we lived; no one knew better the denizens 
of Sutton's Drug Store, the men and women of Franklin Street. 

The Institute's one consistent means of communication with the officials 
and public was our magazine, Popular Government, a publication that had sur- 
vived since the organization's battles for existence in the 1930s. Journalist to 
the bone, Bill became our de facto editor-in-chief. Month after month, sometimes 
when it was hard for our teething staff to assemble materials for publication, 
Bill worked to supply the magazine's pages with thoughtful reports of develop- 
ing aspects of state and local government. He raked the sources he knew well, 
newspapers; and from them he distilled notes of local experiments worth passing 
along for the whole state. As books pertinent to our mission flowed from the 
presses, Bill wrote useful reviews for our readers. When the Federal Housing 
Act became law in 1949 he did a series of pieces on low-rent housing, on slum 
clearance and urban redevelopment, and on rural farm housing — fit interests 
for a man who, as the Institute's representative, later taught the first planning 
law course offered by the University's new Department of City and Regional 
Planning. Moreover, Bill assumed responsibility for the Institute's program in 
public health law and that vital but not particularly popular field, jails and their 
keepers. 

Our first all-Institute project was a study of whether and how parallel 
governmental agencies in Charlotte and the surrounding county of Mecklenburg 
might merge or be consolidated. Bill was first asssigned to analyze the agencies 
responsible for public health, and the report he prepared stands up well today. 
When two staff members left us unexpectedly he took over and brought to 
completion our study of the agencies for enforcing the criminal law, perhaps 
the most tangled of all the problems we met. Even in that abrasive setting Bill 
managed to make lifelong friends. 

As a graduate of the Law School of Harvard University, Albert Coates, 
to no one's surprise, displayed an early preference for employing graduates of 
that institution. In fact, before the end of 1950 the Institute staff contained 
a plurality of Harvardians. Nevertheless, Mr. Coates was elated in the fall of 



[25] 



that year when Bill Cochrane took academic leave to attend the Yale Law School, 
seeking the LL.M. degree he acquired in 1951. 

One day while Bill was in New Haven I had lunch in the old Monogram 
Club and gazed at the collection of college and university shields hanging on 
the walls. I was struck by the fact that Libertas, Yale's single-word motto, is 
repeated in Carolina's motto but coupled with that wonderful word Lux. Yale 
and Carolina also share the color blue. But Harvard's shield— in crimson hue— 
bears the one word Veritas. And so I had my inspiration; for the annual party 
Mr. and Mrs. Coates gave for the Institute at Christmas 1950 I rallied my 
Harvard colleagues with these lines: 

. . . [I]t is only fair to warn, 

Brave Cambridge-men, give ear, 
For insurrection may yet come 

To spoil our peaceful sphere. 

For one of Carolina's men 

Is now beyond the pale. 
Bill Cochrane's shed the Tar Heel cloak 

To bone it up at Yale. 

We've learned true mental discipline 

By Cantabridgian rule 
And know its equal can't exist 

At pale New Haven's school. 

When from old Eli, Bill returns, 

With rolling shipboard stride, 
Be ready, sons of old Langdell, 

To prove the Crimson's pride. 

With two blue flames to light his way 

And steeped in Libertas, 
Wild Bill will challenge our array. 

Rise, sons of Veritas! 

As the Institute grew we subdivided our large rooms so that each staff 
member might have an office of his own; equally important, by challenging 
an adamant University authority, Mr. Coates secured telephones for each office. 
Whenever one of our new instruments pealed for more than one ring— no matter 
where it was located — Bill Cochrane would race to answer it. His commitment 
would not let him risk having an Institute caller get the impression that we 
were not on the job. 

[26] 



Once I dropped into his office and found him jotting something down 
on a 3 x 5 card, which he carefully replaced in the file drawer on his desk. Curious, 
I asked what he was doing. "Just making a note about a friend," said Bill. "What 
do you mean?" I asked. "Oh, I've found it useful to keep a file on my friends," 
he replied. 

The little file drawer was full then — almost thirty-four years ago when 
we lent Bill to Senator Scott for one year; just think how many of those cards 
he must have in that bulging Capitol Hill office of his today. I have heard they 
contain almost 30,000 names! For the truth is that Bill Cochrane has devoted 
a lifetime to making friends. 



<^£D 



[27] 



The Man from Catawha 

William C. Friday 



Matt Hodgson told me last week that if on such an occasion everyone 
who had benefitted from Bill Cochrane's acts of kindness and good will decided 
to attend, even the Dean Dome would not be able to accommodate this banquet 
of the North Caroliniana Society. 

So it is with the man from Catawba. Like many of us, he was tempered 
by the Depression, and its harshness made him determined in his lifetime to 
alleviate suffering, to reach out with a willing hand, and do what he could 
to be positive and find something worthwhile to contribute each day. 

He has succeeded in his mission and it was bound to happen — this public 
service compulsion — because he was raised in mind and spirit by Albert Coates, 
Frank Graham, Robert House, and O.J. Coffin, and he launched his career with 
his contemporaries Henry Lewis, Terry Sanford, Cliff Pace, Dickson Phillips, 
William Aycock, and many others here. He established himself as a part of this 
community. 

And what a career he is having. Since 29 November 1954, the United 
States Senate has not been the same. That was the day Bill arrived with another 
colorful Carolinian, Senator Kerr Scott, and from then until now he extended 
himself, and he has made an enormous impact on the legislative process and 
administrative performance of the Senate. 

Just listen: Since 1964 he has staged the inauguration of our presidents 
and he shepherded Republicans as warmly as he did his beloved Democrats. 
He greatly assisted Quincy Mumford and Dan Boorstin with the Library of 
Congress (they credit Bill with the suggestion that the buildings be named for 
Jefferson, Adams, and Madison). There are responsibilities at the Smithsonian, 
the Government Printing Office, the Federal Elections Commission, the Office 
of Technology. Few of us will fail to recall his dynamic role in the legislation 
creating Jordan Lake and Falls Lake. As much as any other person, he is respon- 
sible for the location in the Triangle of the National Institute of Environmental 
Health Sciences. 



[28] 



His uncommon devotion to public service shone brightest as he guided 
the hearing process implementing the 25th Amendment on presidential succes- 
sions for both Gerald Ford and Nelson Rockefeller. "Guided" is correct because 
the amendment, its history, and the procedures for its use had not been dis- 
cussed since the proceedings involving President Andrew Johnson a century 
earlier. Bill spent days and months studying succession and impeachment to 
be sure the letter and spirit of the amendment were followed. 

There is another side to Bill Cochrane that not everyone knows. It is that 
part of his life devoted not to presidents, senators, and the glamorous side of 
government — no, it is the Bill Cochrane known to hundreds of young people 
right out of college looking for governmental work experience to express their 
own sense of citizenship, or the Bill Cochrane who has gotten a passport for 
a bewildered citizen, or who has calmed a distraught traveler who lost his or 
her passport in some foreign land. Whether its Chancellor Fordham, Dean 
Bondurant, the student body president, or a concerned citizen, Bill is always 
there listening and being of help. 

Senators will tell you that Bill is the best informed and most experienced 
administrative chief in the Senate. It's true — and that is why he always delivers 
or sets you on a proper course. And he never forgets you, because if you will 
look around in that cubicle of organized chaos he willingly calls his office, you 
will find your name on your card in the company of 34,950 other Carolinians 
of whom he keeps track. This file will be real handy for him now since he 
is the president of our Alumni Association. 

There are hundreds more examples of his public service to which I could 
refer. Each of you knows him and admires him and his dear Shirley as do Ida 
and I. We and our state have never expressed appropriately the abiding sense 
of gratitude we all feel for this noble Carolinian. And I am taking great heart 
this evening that this highly beneficial relationship is going to continue for the 
state, the University, and for many of us many more seasons. 

I say this because in a recent interview Bill was quoted as saying that before 
too long he was going to build a home on those acres he has held here all 
these years and that, thereafter, he intended on sticking around as long as did 
his widely esteemed cousin, Louis R. Wilson. I say I take heart at this, Bill, 
because Cousin Louis did not become associated with my office until he was 
in his 70s; he remained on duty well over a decade; and after that he continued 
to let me know the error of my ways even though he was beyond his 100 years. 
By this formula, I can't even consider inviting you to become a colleague for 
a good number of years yet. 

As I know is true for each of you, Ida and I treasure the friendship and 
boundless good will Bill so abundantly shares with us. To know him and to 

[29] 



know Shirley is to love them and to be grateful for them and to them. 

Matt Hodgson, before too long and after they decide to do so, let's take 
over the Dean Dome one evening and put up this sign: "Ya'll come! Bill and 
Shirley Cochrane are back home." 

The place will be filled. 



<^£) 



[30] 



The Master of Ceremonies 

H. G. Jones 



As we approach the presentation of the North Caroliniana Society Award, 
may I explain that we always try to let the recipient have the last word. First, 
though, I want to share with Bill and the audience a special message from an 
old friend in Washington. 

Catawba County is separated from Wilkes County only by Alexander. As 
we have been told, on 6 March 1917 in the former, William McWhorter Coch- 
rane was born. Eight months and twelve days later in Wilkes County was born 
Cornelius Calvin Sale, Jr. It is doubtful if these two infants saw each other, 
for upon the death of his mother in the Spanish influenza pandemic of 1918 
(which also killed 13,643 other North Carolinians, including the president of 
this University), Junior Sale was adopted and given a new name by an aunt 
in West Virginia. Fate, however, would bring these two mountain boys together 
in our nation's Capitol, where they now share enormous influence over the 
affairs of our nation. These words come from Bill's good friend from up north 
of Boomer and Love Valley: 

I have known Bill for many years, and I am quite familiar with the 
important contributions he has made to his beloved home state of North 
Carolina, the state in which I was born. 

During [the past thirty-four years] he has worked tirelessly on innum- 
erable legislative measures. His efforts and expertise were instrumental 
to the success of many worthy projects benefiting the citizens of this 
country. Throughout the years Bill has gained respect and admiration 
from constituents and Members of Congress with his judgement, insight, 
and his knowledge of Senate traditions. 

Although I will be unable to attend your ceremony [because of the 
Moscow Summit], I commend the North Caroliniana Society for recog- 
nizing Bill with this award and wish to add my congratulations to him 
for the contributions he has made to North Carolina, the United States, 
and the nation. 



[31] 



On the letterhead of the Senate Majority Leader, the message is signed 
by Senator Robert C. Byrd. 

And now another North Carolinian who needs no introduction: banker, 
historian, author, humanitarian, and most of all, doer, the president of the North 
Caroliniana Society, Archie K. Davis. 



<S*3D 



[32] 



Presentation of the 
North Caroliniana Society Award 

Archie K. Davis 



Thank you, H. G. Honored guests, members and friends of the Society: 
I have known William McWhorter Cochrane for years, but somehow or other 
the more I have delved into his past the more I have begun to wonder. As you 
may know, Bill served with distinction in the Navy during World War II as 
a deck officer aboard a minesweeper in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and African 
theatres. Following the war, he served as assistant director and subsequently 
administrative director of the Institute of Government at Chapel Hill until 1954, 
when he resigned to begin his long tenure in Washington, now in its thirty- 
fourth year. 

We all know of his outstanding service as administrative assistant to our 
North Carolina Senators W. Kerr Scott and B. Everett Jordan during the years 
1954 to 1972; however, few of us are aware of his long and remarkably effective 
relationship with the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration. From 
1972 to 1980, Bill served as staff director of that committee. When the Repub- 
licans gained control of the Senate in 1980, he then became Democratic staff 
director, and last year, at the age of 70, was named senior adviser to the com- 
mittee. The powers that be on both sides of the aisle simply will not let Bill 
Cochrane go. It is little wonder, therefore, that he is often referred to as "North 
Carolina's third senator." 

Of the present incumbents only Senator John Stennis of Mississippi has 
been in office longer than our honored guest has been associated with the United 
States Senate. Since the early 1950s, as administrative assistant to our two sen- 
ators and later as staff director of the Rules Committee, Bill has been intimately 
and deeply involved in most of the major issues and controversies facing our 
nation's capital, encompassing civil rights, Vietnam, Watergate, the unprece- 
dented nomination and inauguration of two successive vice-presidents, and the 
near impeachment of President Nixon prior to his resignation. 



[33] 



As if this were not enough to satisfy his sense of commitment, Bill served, 
at the request of both parties, as the executive director of the Joint Congres- 
sional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies for a period of twenty years. He 
directed the staff work on the Budget and Impoundment Act of 1974, which 
was considered by some as the single most important legislation of the 1970s. 
As one observer put it, "the Cochrane imprint can be found on any number 
of major bills." As senior staff member of the Joint Committee on the Library, 
he is credited with having been a powerful force in the most dramatic expan- 
sion in the history of the Congressional Library. There are those who say that 
the new Madison Building stands more a monument to Bill Cochrane's quiet 
influence than to our fourth President. 

And so it goes, the deeper one delves into his past. Incidentally, what has 
he done for North Carolina lately or, for that matter, for the past twenty years? 
Ask any one of thousands of Tar Heels who have gone to Bill Cochrane in 
search of advice, jobs, support for or on behalf of the state, its agencies or its 
institutions. Always the same quiet, thoughtful listener is there to greet them, 
always sporting a bow tie with his pipe and Granger smoking tobacco ever 
in readiness. Although an eighteen hours-a-day worker, he is never too busy 
to give his undivided attention except when his phone rings. He simply will 
not delegate such secretarial responsibility to others. 

Tonight we have been privileged to hear from Henry Lewis and Bill Friday, 
two long-time friends and former associates of Bill Cochrane. They speak as 
one in describing his abiding affection for the state of North Carolina and for 
his alma mater at Chapel Hill, of his profound respect for the United States 
Senate, his dedication to service above self, and of his determination to perform 
and perform well — all underlain by an overriding sense of duty to his fellow 
man. Indeed, he is a politician at heart but seeks no credit or gain for himself. 
That is why he is the very best of politicians. 

But somewhere along the way I have encountered some contradictions about 
our friend. It has already been determined that his driving force and persever- 
ance would leave little, if any, room for equivocation or indecision, yet consider 
this conversation I had with him recently: "Bill, when are you coming back 
home to Chapel Hill?" His succinct reply was: "I have never left. I own my 
house and twenty-two acres of land just outside of Chapel Hill. I am a regis- 
tered voter in Orange County and have no bank account in Washington." My 
only possible rejoinder was, "Do you not also have a house in Washington?" 
He replied in the affirmative, and quickly added, "I love my Senate work and 
will never retire." 

So, if you have followed this dialogue carefully, we are talking about a 
man who does not work in the place he never left, but has worked in a place 

[34] 



for thirty years he presumably never got to. Furthermore, even though he never 
left Chapel Hill, he is always quoted as having said, "I never intended to stay 
in Washington longer than a year or so." 

Surely, this display of indecisiveness could not come from one bearing 
such distinctive surnames as McWhorter and Cochrane, and especially from one 
who was known as that tough Billy Mac during his youthful days in Catawba 
County. With the thought that his family history might furnish a clue I again 
consulted Bill, suggesting that his forebears must have come south with the 
wave of Germans and Ulster Scots who poured into piedmont North Carolina 
in the mid-eighteenth century. He agreed that his people had come down the 
great Philadelphia Wagon Road, up the Shenandoah Valley past Salt Lick, now 
Roanoke, Virginia, and through Fancy Gap into Carolina, but, he replied firmly, 
"although a McWhorter, I am not an Ulster Scot. I am an Irishman!" My next 
question: "What happened to the McWhorters who came to Catawba?" His 
reply: "They went to Georgia. In fact," he said, "they are having the 116th 
consecutive annual reunion of the William McWhorter family this summer 
in Athens." My next question: "Bill, do you plan to attend?" His reply: "I 
don't know." 

So there you have it. Our honored guest, William McWhorter Cochrane, 
is an Irishman who obviously belongs to a family that never left Scotland, who 
was raised in North Carolina but claims Georgia, who doubts that he will attend 
the family reunion at Athens but is probably on his way there now. And finally, 
we are privileged to honor tonight a true gentleman and scholar, a man of virtue, 
and, believe it or not, a political conservative. He is a man who shares Republican 
values, but to his dying day will proclaim to the high heavens, "I am a yellow-dawg 
Democrat!" 

And so, ladies and gentleman, if he is in the audience, will the real William 
McWhorter Cochrane please stand and come forward! 

Bill, on behalf of the Society, it is my high privilege to present you the 
1988 North Caroliniana Society Award, which reads as follows: 

The North Caroliniana Society, 

in recognition of his public service and 

of his contributions to the cultural life 

of his fellow North Carolinians, 

presents its 

North Caroliniana Society Award 

to 

William McWhorter Cochrane 

June 3, 1988. 

[35] 



Response 

William McWhorter Cochrane 



Good Lord! I hardly know what to say. 

I'll have to borrow another one of Mr. Coates's solutions to this kind of 
a problem. 

He has often quoted what Dr. Samuel Johnson said when King George 
III praised him for his magnificent new dictionary. Dr. Johnson at first demurred, 
for the King's praise was a little too much. But then he commented, "But who 
am I to bandy civilities with my Sovereign?" 

That's one of Mr. Coates's adages that I've used, Mrs. Coates, and I am 
indebted to him for many more. 

Tonight I want to say so many thanks to Shirley Graves Cochrane, William 
Daniel Cochrane, Thomas McWhorter Cochrane, Carol Suzanne Shirkey Coch- 
rane, to my three nieces and their families, and to William Barklow Parker and 
his wife Athena, our neighbors from the other side of Morgan Creek. 

To the incredible H. G. Jones, Archie Davis, and Mrs. Coates for their 
generous words, and to my old colleague Henry Lewis and to Bill Friday, and 
to one and all of you, I thank you. 

I certainly think it would be intelligent on my part to quit while I am 
winning, and God knows I've won tonight! 



<^££) 



[36] 



(The Charlotte (Dbsetw 

ROLFE NEILL, Chcrmon orKJ Pubhthet 

Richard A. Oppel, uho, John Luby. G*ocrai Manage 

Ed Williams. ^toroitheEdnonaiPoges Mark Ethridge hi. Man<^,n 9 Ed*™ 

Jack Claiborne, Tom Bradbury. Jerry Shinn. A^^cd^n 

Saturday, June 4, 1W3 



Honoring A Laborer 

North Caroliniana Society Pays Tribute 
To Washington Career of Bill Cochrane 



William M. "Bill" Cochrane, often 
referred to as "North Carolina's third 
senator" in Washington, was embar- 
rassed by the fuss being made over 
him in Chapel Hill Friday. He said he 
didn't belong in the same company 
with Paul Green, Albert Coates, Sam 
Ervin or Bill and Ida Friday, who in 
other years had also received a service 
award from the North Caroliniana 
Society. 

All those were giants. Mr. Cochrane 
said, while he had spent his 72 years as 
"a mere laborer in the vineyard." Ah, 
but what a laborer. 

"We are honoring him because he's 
never done anything that some politi- 
cian hasn't taken 
credit for," said Dr. 
H.G. Jones, curator 
of the N.C. Collec- 
tion at the UNC Li- 
brary and instigator 
of the North Caroli- 
niana Society, a 
140-member nonprofit organization 
formed to promote interest in and 
knowledge of N.C. history and culture. 

Befriended Carl Boettcher 

"You take 'The Circus Parade,'" Dr. 
Jones said, "the Carl Boettcher carv- 
ing now in the lobby of the cafeteria at 




Carolina Inn. Almost anybody who's 
been to Chapel Hill in the past 30 
years has seen and admired that carv- 
ing. Dozens of university officials and 
Chapel Hill residents have taken credit 
for its being there. But the truth is, it 
was the Cochrane family of Newton 
who took that German boy into their 
home, and it was Bill Cochrane who 
persuaded him to come to Chapel Hill. 
But you would never know that from 
talking to Bill Cochrane." 

Mr. Cochrane's mission has been 
service, not celebrity. He is one of 
those rare North Carolinians who is on 
a first-name basis with at least one 
person in every county in the state. In 
most counties he knows many such 
people because at one time or another 
he has done them a favor. 

Did Consolidation Studies 

His service to the people of Char- 
lotte, for instance, includes a pioneer- 
ing slum-clearance law that he first 
wrote as a graduate student at Yale. 
"Got me straight A's," he said. It also 
includes the studies that led to the 
consolidation of city and county 
schools, city and county health depart- 
ments and city and county jails. 

He made those studies in 1948-49, 
when he was a young lawyer for the 



[37] 



UNC Institute of Government. His 
partner in the project was a colleague 
from Fayetteville, a young man named 
Terry Sanford who later became gov- 
ernor, president of Duke University 
and now a U.S. senator. Early in their 
college days, Mr. Cochrane and Mr. 
Sanford had roomed together — in a 
loft over Sutton's Drug Store in down- 
town Chapel Hill. 

The North Caroliniana Society did 
not bestow its 11th annual service 
award on Mr. Cochrane without exact- 
ing a price. He had to "sing for his 
supper" by talking about his behind- 
the-scenes career as a legislative aide 
in Washington. His lecture was titled 
"Fifty Years In the U.S. Senate Cloak 
Room." 

The title was slightly exaggerated. 

He has been in Washington only 34 
years. He went there in 1954 as an 
aide to newly 
elected Sen. Kerr 
Scott. After Sen. 
Scott's death, he 
stayed on as legis- 
lative aide to Sen. 
B. Everett Jordan. 
i After Sen. Jor- 
dan's 1972 defeat 
Mr. Cochrane be- 
came senior coun- 
sel to the Senate 
Rules Committee, 
where he has been 
since. But as a 
founder of the U.S. Capitol Historical 
Society, he is familiar with Senate lore 
dating from the earliest days of Con- 
gress. 

The Fight Over New Hope 

His "cloakroom" talk covered a lot 
of interesting politics, including the 
long fight to build a dam on New 
Hope Creek south of Durham to con- 
trol flooding along the upper Cape 
Fear River. The chief opponent was 
N.C. Congressman Harold Cooley of 
Nash County, then chairman of the 
House Agriculture Committee. Con- 
gressman Cooley objected to flooding 
farmland and predicted the proposed 




Cochrane 



the dam would create "a vast cess- 
pool" in the middle of North Carolina. 

Sen. Scott, an ex-agriculture com- 
missioner and former governor with 
pretty good soil-conservation creden- 
tials of his own, pushed the proposal 
anyway, and B. Everett Jordan saw it 
through to completion. The lake, 
which now bears Sen. Jordan's name, 
never became the cesspool that Con- 
gressman Cooley envisioned. It is 
more likely to be an economic life- 
saver as a source of water for the 
burgeoning Research Triangle area. 

The wonderful thing about Bill 
Cochrane has been his enthusiasm for 
helping young people get jobs in Wash- 
ington. Every summer a new crop of 
college students stops by his little 
cubbyhole office to ask for advice 
about where to go and whom to see. 
He has a filing cabinet full with old 
photos and resumes. 

Hires Included Liddy Dole 

Among them is one for Liddy Han- 
ford of Salisbury, who had just gradu- 
ated Phi Beta Kappa from Duke Uni- 
versity with honors in political sci- 
ence. "I think I hired her on the spot," 
Bill Cochrane said. She went on to 
Oxford, to Harvard and Harvard Law 
School. She later married Sen. Robert 
Dole of Kansas and in the Reagan 
administration was secretary of trans- 
portation. 

Though he has been in Washington 
34 years, Bill Cochrane refuses to be a 
Washingtonian. He has kept a home in 
Chapel Hill, maintained his voter reg- 
istration there and continued to do his 
banking there. Last month he strength- 
ened those ties by beginning a year's 
term as president of the 1 70,000-mem- 
ber UNC Alumni Association, suc- 
ceeding N.C. Supreme Court Chief 
Justice James G. Exum. 

Not bad for a mere laborer in the 
vineyard. 

— JACK CLAIBORNE 
Associate Editor 



[38] 



Gree nsboro Daily News, h June 1988 

Home state honors 
Senate adviser 



w» ^ 



f 

1** 




By JIM SCHLOSSER 

Staff Writer 

The lawyer who left Chapel Hill 
for Washington 34 years ago vowing 
to stay only a year came home Fri- 
day to great 
fanfare. 

William 
McWhorter 
Cochrane, of- 
ten called 
North Caroli- 
na's third sena- ^* jfw > 
tor or the na- .». f*' 
tion's 101st, 
received the 
prestigious 

North Carolin- Cochrane 

ianaSociety Award during a banquet 
at the Carolina Inn in Chapel Hill. 

Cochrane is one of Washington's 
shrewdest behind-the-scenes fig- 
ures — a bow-tied, pipe-smoking 
Southerner. He's known as a Senate 
staff member who can cut through 
federal red tape with a single phone 
call from his cluttered hideaway 
high in the rotunda of the Russell 
Senate Office Building. 

Others on the Hill have bigger 
names, but few know the ropes bet- 
ter than Cochrane. 

"The fact is, everything he has 
done has been taken credit for by 
someone else," says H.G. Jones, 
former director of the N.C. Depart- 
ment of Archives and History and 
now the curator of the N.C. Collec- 
tion at the University of North Car- 
olina at Chapel Hill. "On the sur- 
face, he hasn't done anything." 

In fact, Jones says, Cochrane has 
done tremendous good for the state 
and nation, from helping North Car- 
olinians with problems to being a 
founder of the U.S. Capitol Histori- 
cal Society. 

Cochrane, a native of the Newton 
area, joins such past society award 
winners as the late U.S. Sen. Sam 
Ervin Jr., the late Pulitzer Prize- 
winning playwright Paul Green, In- 
stitute of Government founder Al- 
bert Coates, and retired University 
of North Carolina President William 
Friday and his wife, Ida. 

"I'm a combination of humble and 
proud, and I'm surprised," Coch- 
rane said in an interview. 

The society, headed by former 
Wachovia Bank chairman Archie 
Davis, is dedicated to cultural and 



historical endeavors. It funds the 
N.C. Collection at the university. 

Cochrane went to Washington in 
the fall of 1954 as an aide to new 
U.S. Sen. Kerr Scott, the former 
Tar Heel governor. Cochrane told 
Scott he would help for a year, then 
skedaddle back to Chapel Hill to 
rejoin the Institute of Government 
or to practice law. 

When Scott died after three years 
in office, Cochrane went to work for 
his successor, B. Everett Jordan, 
who later became chairman of the 
Senate Rules Committee. After Jor- 
dan's defeat in 1974, Cochrane be- 
came staff director of the rules com- 
mittee. He is now senior adviser to 
the committee. 

"We have some good men from 
North Carolina come to Washing- 
ton, very hard working and a sin- 
cere bunch, Democrats for the most 
part, good Republicans, too," Coch- 
rane says. "I happen to be a yellow- 
dog Democrat, matter of principle, 
but the two-party system is very 
important." 

A yellow-dog Democrat is so 
faithful he'd vote for a Democrat 
even if he was a yellow dog. 

Cochrane's work habits are leg- 
endary. 

The late Sen. Ervin once said: 
"Bill Cochrane worked all day and 
half the night. If you got a tele- 
phone call from him at 10 o'clock at 
night from the office, then I would 
describe that as early." 

Cochrane says he really never left 
home. He returns to Chapel Hill to 
vote, to bank, to check on property 
and to visit the university from 
which he earned undergraduate and 
law degrees. (He also has a master's 
degree from Yale). He is now presi- 
dent of the university's General 
Alumni Association, which has more 
than 100,000 members. 

Yet, he will be remembered as a 
man of the other hill — Capitol Hill. 

"The only senator who is there 
now who was there when Sen. Scott 
came into office on 29th of Novem- 
ber, 1954, is John C. Stennis of Mis- 
sissippi," Cochrane says. 

Stennis is retiring after this term. 
Cochrane has no plans to retire. 

"After all I'm only 71, going on 
72," he says. "I don't believe in 
long-range plans. I'm enjoying what 
I'm doing." 



[39] 




[40] 




[41] 




[42] 



The North Caroliniana (Society, Inc. 

North Carolina Collection 
Wilson Library, UNC Campus Box 3930 
Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-3930 

Chartered by the Secretary of State on 11 September 1975 as a private nonprofit corporation under 
provisions of Chapter 55 A of the General Statutes of North Carolina, the North Caroliniana Society is 
dedicated to the promotion of increased knowledge and appreciation of North Carolina's heritage. This 
it accomplishes in a variety of ways: encouragement of scholarly research and writing in and the teaching 
of state and local history; publication of documentary materials, including the numbered, limited-edition 
North Caroliniana Society Imprints and North Caroliniana Society Keepsakes; sponsorship of professional 
and lay conferences, seminars, lectures, and exhibitions; commemoration of historic events, including 
sponsorship of markers and plaques; and assistance to the North Carolina Collection and North Caro- 
liniana Gallery of the University of North Carolina Library and other cultural organizations, such as 
the Friends of the Library, the Friends of the Archives, the North Carolina Literary and Historical Asso- 
ciation, the Historic Preservation Foundation of North Carolina, and the North Carolina Writers Conference. 

Incorporated by H. G. Jones, William S. Powell, and Louis M. Connor, Jr., who soon were joined by 
a distinguished group of North Carolinians, the Society was limited to one hundred members for its 
first decade. However, it does elect from time to time additional individuals meeting its strict criterion 
of "adjudged performance" in service to their state's culture— i.e., those who have demonstrated a con- 
tinuing interest in and support of the historical, literary, and cultural heritage of North Carolina. The 
Society, a tax-exempt organization under provisions of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, 
expects service rather than dues. For its programs, it depends upon the contributions, bequests, and devises 
of its members and friends. Its IRS number is 56-1119848. Upon request, contributions to the Society 
may be counted toward membership in the Chancellor's Club. The Society administers the Archie K. 
Davis Fund, given in 1987 by the Research Triangle Foundation in honor of its retiring board chairman 
and the Society's longtime president. 

A highlight of the Society's year is the presentation of the North Caroliniana Society Award for 
long and distinguished service in the encouragement, production, enhancement, promotion and 
preservation of North Caroliniana. Starting with Paul Green, the Society has recognized Tar Heels such 
as Albert Coates, Sam J. Ervin, Jr., Sam Ragan, Gertrude S. Carraway, John Fries Blair, William and 
Ida Friday, William S. Powell, Mary and James Semans, and David Stick. The proceedings of the awards 
banquets, published in the Imprints series, furnish rare glimpses into the lives of those recognized. 

The Society has its headquarters in the North Carolina Collection, the "Conscience of North Carolina," 
which seeks to preserve for present and future generations all that has been or is published by North 
Carolinians regardless of subject and about North Carolina and North Carolinians regardless of author 
or source. In this mission the Collection's clientele is far broader than the University community; indeed, 
it is the entire citizenry of North Carolina, as well as those outside the state whose research extends 
to North Carolina or North Carolinians. Members of the North Caroliniana Society share a very special 
relationship to this unique Collection that dates back to 1844 and stands unchallenged as the largest 
and most comprehensive repository in America of published materials about a single state. The North 
Caroliniana Gallery, opened in 1988, adds exhibition and interpretive dimensions to the Collection's 
traditional services. These combined resources fulfill the vision of President David L. Swain (1801-1868), 
who founded the Collection; Librarian Louis Round Wilson (1876-1979), who nurtured it; and Philanthro- 
pist John Sprunt Hill (1869-1961), who generously endowed it. All North Carolinians are enriched by 
this precious legacy. 

Board of Directors (1987) 

Archie K. Davis, President 

William S. Powell, Vice-President 

H. G. Jones, Secretary and Treasurer 

William McWhorter Cochrane Henry W. Lewis 

Louis M. Connor, Jr. George Elliot London 

William C Friday Edward L. Rankin, Jr. 

Frank Borden Hanes John L. Sanders 

Betty Hodges William D. Snider 

Frank H. Kenan Willis P. Whichard 




°A- 5CT V^ S